Friday, May 18, 2012

Cyber Security In India: The Missing Links

Praveen Dalal, Managing Partner Of Law Firm Perry4Law.

Cyber security in India needs to be strengthened as India is increasingly facing serious cyber attacks. Clearly India is not prepared to tackle these sophisticated cyber attacks. At the legal framework level as well, India has not enacted suitable cyber laws and cyber security laws in this regard.  

Fortunately, some hints have been given by Indian government regarding strengthening of cyber security in India. In fact, a cyber security policy of India is in pipeline. India has ignored its cyberspace for long and for reasons better known to it India considered cyberspace and Internet as an insignificant area that need not to be guarded against cyber attacks.

However, India still has to cover a long gap before its cyberspace can be considered to be reasonably safe. There are many crucial steps that India must take immediately in this direction.

According to Praveen Dalal, managing partner of New Delhi based Law Firm Perry4Law and leading techno legal expert of Asia, Indian Counter Terrorism Capabilities needs Rejuvenation to deal with traditional Terrorism and Cyber Terrorism. Cyber Warfare against India is increasing and Cyber Security Capabilities of India must be strengthened to tackle the same, suggests Praveen Dalal. Cyber Security Skills Development in India must be taken seriously and dependence upon Internet Censorship and E-Surveillance should be forsaken immediately, opines Praveen Dalal.

Securing cyberspace is not a regional or national issue but is an international one. International community must also look towards harmonisation of legal framework in this direction as cyber attacks are global in nature. Till United Nations (UN) steps in and enacts “universally acceptable” international cyber law treaty and international cyber security treaty, this problem would remain murky and difficult to resolve. Further, nothing can benefit more than an international cyber security cooperation that is urgently required.

The incidences of cyber attacks, cyber terrorism, cyber espionage, cyber warfare, etc are increasing against India. We must urgently develop cyber warfare capabilities in India to thwart growing cyber attacks against India. Further, we must also formulate a cyber warfare policy in India that is presently missing.

Cyber warfare is also the reason why we need to ensure critical infrastructure protection in India and critical ICT infrastructure protection in India. In fact the growing cyber attacks are affecting Indian critical infrastructure. Thus, cyber security capabilities through techno legal cyber security trainings in India must be strengthened.

However, there is a grave cause of concern these days. Human rights in India vis-à-vis cyberspace are always ignored. Surveillance of Internet Traffic in India is now a normal practice informs Praveen Dalal. Surveillance of Internet Traffic without Procedural Safeguards is Violative of Civil Liberties of Indians in Cyberspace, claims Dalal. Big brother in India is violating Indian constitution without any check and balances in the name of national security and cyber security and this practice must be abandoned. Instead, sufficient cyber security skills must be developed so that cyber threats can be effectively tackled in India.